Aims and Scope

The Open Microbiology Journal is a peer-reviewed open access journal which publishes research articles, reviews/mini-reviews, case studies, guest edited thematic issues and short communications/letters covering theoretical and practical aspects of Microbial systematics, evolutionary microbiology, immunology, virology, parasitology , bacteriology, mycology, phycology, protozoology, microbial ecology, molecular biology, microbial physiology, biochemistry, microbial pathogenesis, host-microbe interaction, systems microbiology, synthetic microbiology, bioinformatics.


The Open Microbiology Journal , a peer-reviewed journal, is an important and reliable source of current information on developments in the field. The emphasis will be on publishing quality papers rapidly and freely available to researchers worldwide.


Recent Articles

Anti-Toxigenic Effect of Lactic Acid Bacteria Against Aspergillus spp Isolated from Wheat Grains

Mohamed T. Fouad, Tarek A. El-Desouky

Introduction:

Many fungi infect the wheat grains. Under field and or storage conditions from temperature and humidity, some fungi can produce aflatoxins (AFs), which may cause acute or chronic diseases. Therefore, there is a necessary and urgent need to find an effective and safe way to reduce or remove AFs.

Objective:

The objective of this study was the evaluation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus plantarum for their ability to reduce and or remove AFs produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which were isolated from wheat grains, as well as control of AFs produced on affected wheat grain by A.parasiticus spores only.

Methods:

LAB, isolated from some local dairy products, were cultured in MRS for the evaluation of their ability to remove AFs, produced by A. flavus and A. parasiticus on (YES) media, in addition to the treatment of wheat grains by LAB cells to prevent AFs produced by A. parasiticus.

Results:

The L. rhamnosus strain gave the highest reduction rates of AFs produced by A. parasiticus that were 62.6, 44.4, 43.3, and 52.2% for AFG1, AFB1, AFG2, and AFB2, respectively. While in the case of A. flavus, the reduction was 50.4, 42.7, 40.6, and 36.8% in the same order of toxins. When applied, these strains with wheat grains were affected by A. parasiticus, the inhibition rates of AFs were ranged between 61.4 and 75.8% with L. rhamnosus strain and 43.7 to 52.1% with L. gasseri, while L. plantarum strain ranged from 55.5 to 66.9%.

Conclusion:

According to this study, L. rhamnosus is considered one of the best strains in this field. Therefore, the present study suggests applied use of LAB as a treatment to prevent AFs production in wheat grains.


October 23, 2020
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Editor's Choice

An Epidemiological Review on Emerging and Re-Emerging Parasitic Infectious Diseases in Malaysia

Saad M. Alasil, Khairul A. Abdullah

Emerging infectious diseases are infections that have recently appeared in a population over a defined period of time whereas, re-emerging infectious diseases are those that were once a health problem in a particular region or a country and are now emerging again. Parasitic infectious diseases represent a serious health problem in many developing countries and recently have started spreading to developed nations via international traveling or immigration. Malaysia is facing many challenges caused by various parasitic pathogens. The lack of awareness among disadvantaged populations such as the Orang Asli community and the dependency on foreign workers has led to an influx of immigrants to Malaysia from countries endemic to various parasitic diseases. Understanding the social and economic dynamics of such diseases can help anticipate and subsequently control their emergence. Raising public awareness, developing robust public health infrastructure and implementing point-of-care diagnostics will help curb the spread of such diseases. This review provides epidemiological insights into the reported emerging and re-emerging parasitic infectious diseases in Malaysia over the past two decades.


May 31, 2019
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