REVIEW ARTICLE


An Epidemiological Review on Emerging and Re-Emerging Parasitic Infectious Diseases in Malaysia



Saad M. Alasil1, *, Khairul A. Abdullah2
1 Department of Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, 42610 Jenjarom Selangor, Malaysia
2 Chancellery, MAHSA University, 42610 Jenjarom Selangor, Malaysia


© 2019 Alasil and Abdullah.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Microbiology/ Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, Level 7, Main Building, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Selangor. Malaysia; Tel: +60126272574; Email saadalasil@mahsa.edu.my


Abstract

Emerging infectious diseases are infections that have recently appeared in a population over a defined period of time whereas, re-emerging infectious diseases are those that were once a health problem in a particular region or a country and are now emerging again. Parasitic infectious diseases represent a serious health problem in many developing countries and recently have started spreading to developed nations via international traveling or immigration. Malaysia is facing many challenges caused by various parasitic pathogens. The lack of awareness among disadvantaged populations such as the Orang Asli community and the dependency on foreign workers has led to an influx of immigrants to Malaysia from countries endemic to various parasitic diseases. Understanding the social and economic dynamics of such diseases can help anticipate and subsequently control their emergence. Raising public awareness, developing robust public health infrastructure and implementing point-of-care diagnostics will help curb the spread of such diseases. This review provides epidemiological insights into the reported emerging and re-emerging parasitic infectious diseases in Malaysia over the past two decades.

Keywords: Emerging, Re-emerging, Parasitic, Infectious diseases, Malaysia, Zoonotic, Orang asli.