Survey of Microbial Enzymes in Soil, Water, and Plant Microenvironments
Priscila Divina Diniz Alves1, Flávia de Faria Siqueira 1, Susanne Facchin 2, Carolina Campolina Rebello Horta 3, Júnia Maria Netto Victória1, Evanguedes Kalapothakis 2, *
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2014
First Page: 25
Last Page: 31
Publisher Id: TOMICROJ-8-25
Article History:Received Date: 28/10/2013
Revision Received Date: 7/1/2014
Acceptance Date: 4/2/2014
Electronic publication date: 4/4/2014
Collection year: 2014
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Detection of microbial enzymes in natural environments is important to understand biochemical activities and to verify the biotechnological potential of the microorganisms. In the present report, 346 isolates from soil, water, and plants were screened for enzyme production (caseinase, gelatinase, amylase, carboxymethyl cellulase, and esterase). Our results showed that 89.6% of isolates produced at least one tested enzyme. A predominance of amylase in soil samples, carboxymethyl cellulase in plants, as well as esterase and gelatinase in water was observed. Interesting enzymatic profiles were found in some microenvironments, suggesting specificity of available nutrients and/or natural selection. This study revealed the potential of microorganisms present in water, soil, and plant to produce important enzymes for biotechnological exploration. A predominance of certain enzymes was found, depending on the type of environmental sample. The distribution of microbial enzymes in soil, water and plants has been little exploited in previous reports.