RESEARCH ARTICLE


Anti-Helicobacter Pylori Activities of Shoya Powder and Essential Oils of Thymus Vulgaris and Eucalyptus Globulus



D Esmaeili*, 1, A Mohabati Mobarez2, A Tohidpour2
1 Applied Microbiology Research Center and Department of Medical Microbiology, Bqiyatallah University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Bacteriology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


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© Esmaeili et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Applied Microbiology Research Center, and Department of Medical Microbiology, Bqiyatallah University, Tehran, P.O Box. 14111-115, Iran; Tel: 098-21-22289941; Fax: 098-21-26127258; E-mail: esm114@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Helicobacter pylori, an infective agent of more than 50% of the world population is prominent to be the main causative factor in the etiologies of chronic, active or type B gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulcer, gastric carcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tumors. A high prevalence of this bacterium in dental plaque is always reported. Pharmacological treatment of H. pylori infections includes administration of 3-fold therapeutic regimens which are typically used to suppress H. pylori activity. However, antibiotic resistance frequently develops as a consequence of such treatment. Thus, searching for alternative therapies for H. pylori infections is of special interest.

Materials and Methods:

In this study, anti H. pylori activities of a traditional antimicrobial drug so-called Shoya and also essential oils of Thymus vulgaris and Eucalyptus globulus were investigated using antimicrobial analysis and serological screening methods.

Results:

The agar dilution method results revealed the Shoya with the highest inhibitory effect against H. pylori. Also serological screening on tested mice showed a significant effect of this drug in lowering the sera amount of anti H. pylori specific IgA and IgG titers. Both of the essential oils showed different degrees of antibacterial effect against H. pylori.

Conclusion:

The obtained results showed the antibacterial effect of Shoya powder and Essential oils from Thymus vulgaris and Eucalyptus globulus and purposes new therapeutical alternatives to control the H. pylori infection. Additional studies and clinical trials are necessary to approve the use of these data in health care and pharmacopeia systems.

Keywords:: Helicobacter pylori, Shoya, Thymus vulgaris, Eucalyptus globulus.