The Use of MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry, Ribotyping and Phenotypic Tests to Identify Lactic Acid Bacteria from Fermented Cereal Foods in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)

Amenan A Soro-Yao 1, *, Peter Schumann 2, Philippe Thonart 3, 4, Koffi M Djè 1, Rüdiger Pukall 2
1 Food Science and Technology Unit, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
2 Leibniz-Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
3 Wallon Center for Industrial Microbiology (CWBI), University of Liège, Bld du Rectorat 29-B40, B 4000 Liège, Belgium
4 Wallon Center of Industrial Biology, Bio-industry Unit, Gembloux Agro-BioTech, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium

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© Soro-Yao et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Food Science and Technology Unit, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire; Tel: +225 45008631; Fax: +225 31202034; E-mail:


Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) protein analysis, automated ribotyping, and phenotypic tests (e.g., cell morphology, gas production from glucose, growth and acid production on homofermemtative-heterofermentative differential (HHD) agar medium, sugar fermentation patterns) were used to identify 23 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented cereal foods available in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. Pediococcusacidilactici (56.5%), Lactobacillusfermentum (30.4%), L. salivarius (4.3%), P. pentosaceus (4.3%) and L. plantarum subsp. plantarum (4.3%) were the species and subspecies identified. Protein based identification was confirmed by automated ribotyping for selected isolates and was similar to that provided by the phenotypic characterization. MALDI-TOF MS protein analysis provided a high level of discrimination among the isolates and could be used for the rapid screening of LAB starter cultures.

Keywords: Cereal foods, fermentation, food microbiology, lactic acid bacteria, MALDI-TOF MS, ribotyping, species identification, starter cultures.